Base of safety of tamp country food, must be in execute the strictest farmland protection while, strengthen farmland quality to build, compose builds system of integrated processing technology|
Farmland protection wants to be able to be first job with ensuring commissariat to produce not only, ensure " eat fully " , lay good resources environment foundation to offer high quality produce even, implementation " eat well, eat healthily "
Recently, xi Jinping's secretary-general emphasizes when Jilin makes an on-the-spot investigation, "Take effective measures cogent blackland ground this ' the giant panda in farmland ' protection it is good, good to use, those who make forever benefit people " . The important directive that this protects about blackland ground makes clear again, this bowstring holds the post of food safety when to be awaited cannot loosen, safeguard food safety must have defended main field.
Be born in earth of everythings on earth, have land this have grain. Northeast area is famed with precious and rare blackland land natural resources, it is our country the area of main grain production advantage, biggest commodity provisions produces base. With Jilin Song Liaoping is formerly exemple, place has " gold corn is taken " " the countryside of soja " beautiful praise. Review the history, 50 time end develops the century on when the Great Northern Wilderness, face length and breadth of land and fecund black land, people was given out " hold a blackland to risk oily flower, the chopstick that insert a root can be gemmiparous " gasp in admiration. Nowadays, the grain total output that yields on northeast blackland ground and commodity provisions occupy countrywide 1/4 and 1/3 respectively, the heavy ask a price that ground of blackland of it serves to show regards commissariat as manufacturing strategy resource is worth. Also want to see at the same time, the high yield that comes a few years is produced firmly, inevitable meeting is caused to blackland ground fertility overdraw certainly, occurrence soil organic leave demote question character.
Still should see, the national condition with person much little ground, make production of our country agriculture is in high investment, high yield to give state all the time, long-term high strength, excess load uses farmland. Ensure food safety, the key is to should ensure grain productivity, ensure when to needing, can be produced reach, for must going up. Accordingly, want to strengthen farm construction and farmland protection, strengthen farmland soil improvement, soil fertility to earth up fertilizer and processing rehabilitate, promote farmland quality in the round, make farmland better in aspect of safety of safeguard country food develop a foundation to support action. Of the party 18 big since, end from which place with " Tibetan grain at grain of the ground, Tibet at ability " the strategy is grasper, begin farmland quality construction and protective work actively, realize agricultural green to be able to develop continuously hard. Had defended had used " rice bowl cropland " , build bottom line of fast food safety, ability wins a winner to move to answer all sorts of risks and challenge.
The area goes all out previously, than crop, spell green now, than quality, grain production is entering high quality to develop new level. Nowadays, northeastern country, in courtyard of a lot of farmhouse park is worn escape agrarian drill. Protect recognizant buildup as peasant land, "Protection is plowed " going up in blackland ground sadly arisen. For example, use contemporary cultivation technology to let crop straw enclothe return cropland, can reduce corrode of water of edaphic wind erosion effectively, increase edaphic fertility and capacity of fight a drought of preservation of soil moisture, raise agricultural zoology and economic benefits. Data shows, complete straw is enclothed avoid after ploughing 5 years, soil organic can increase 20 ％ left and right sides character. Farmland quality change is advance gradually sex, difficult processing of difficult discovery of small issue of fertility prediction of a person's luck in a given year, big question, restore to rise need a longer process. Base of safety of tamp country food, must be in execute the strictest farmland protection while, strengthen farmland quality to build, compose builds system of integrated processing technology, use strategy processing, integratedly through the system, take a project, farming art, the measure such as biology, let fertility of Yongbao of each type farmland.
Civilian it is national radical, cereal is civilian life. At present summer grain crops already came true " seventeen Lian Feng " , as annual grain crop " big head " autumn grain is in field managing key period. Farmland protection wants to be able to be first job with ensuring commissariat to produce not only, ensure " eat fully " , lay good resources environment foundation to offer high quality produce even, implementation " eat well, eat healthily " . Value protective blackland land like taking protective giant panda seriously, increase green high grade product furnishs, urge great nation barn upgrades to transition of kitchen of green barn, green, "China jobs " need of life of happiness of certain can better contented people, for economic high quality development is offerred stronger prop up. (Chang Qin)
" People's Daily " (on July 29, 2020 The 05th edition)